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The WHEEL

The Tarot of Paul Christian
A.E. WAITE:  ARCANUM 10

The Tarot of "Saint-Germain" 

The Circle, The Wheel of Fortune, and The Rose Window... 

The Wheel of Fortune by Nicolaa de Bracton of Leicester

149. Men broken on the wheel, from L'Art de bien Vivre et de bien Mourir, Paris 1492.
http://www.godecookery.com/macabre/gallery5/macbr149.htm

Medieval Macabre (c) 2000 James L. Matterer

DECAMERON WEB
Themes & Motifs: Fortuna: The Iconography of Fortuna


THE MEDIEVAL ACADEMY OF AMERICA
SPECULUM
http://www.medievalacademy.org/speculum/speculum_index.htm

The wheel of fortune; Queen Fortuna turns the crank. Drawing, Spanish, late 9th century. Manchester, John Ryland Library, ms. 83, fol. 214v.
http://www.stavenhagen.net/stories/pilgrimcmt.html

EARLY STUART LIBELS
K. "Fortune's wheel": Reflections on the Jacobean Era
Here, the complex machinations of Jacobean politics consistently frustrate any efforts to derive order and structure out of the facts of history. The neat medieval model of the wheel of fortune is simply inadequate as an explanatory tool. And the poet seems well aware of this; indeed the poem combines discourses of sin and anti-Catholicism with a consistently knowing and ironic tone.
http://www.earlystuartlibels.net/htdocs/fortune_section/K0.html

Rochester Cathedral, Medieval painting of Wheel of Fortune on wall opposite choir pulpit

wheel of fortune
www.library.csi.cuny.edu

1100 - 
Wheel of Fortune, Beauvais, Saint Etienne, (c.1100). The carved stone tracery around the window depicts the Wheel of Fortune, a common element of tarot cards which were to be produced two centuries later. This image shows a spinning wheel of life and rebirth, with various creatures ascending one side and others falling down the other. It is a profound symbol of life and spirituality.
Mann, A.T. Sacred Architecture, Element, Shaftesbury, Dorset, 1993, Fig. 209.

1467 - 
Boccaccio The Fall of Princes France: 1467 MS Hunter 371-2 (V.1.8-9)
Glasgow University Library 
http://special.lib.gla.ac.uk/exhibns/treasures/boccaccio.html


Boccaccio's vision of Fortune

Record Number: c2664-04 
Shelfmark: Royal 20 C. IV 
Page Folio Number: f.198 
Description: (Miniature) Book VI, chapter i. Boccaccio, seated in his study with pen, knife and books, has a vision of Fortune, crowned and with eight arms. 
Title of Work: Des cas des nobles hommes 
Author: Boccaccio, Giovanni, author; Premierfait, Laurent de, translator 
Illustrator: Master of the Cité des Dames 
Production: France (Paris); circa 1420 
Language/Script: French / - 


Triompho di Fortuna (Triumph of Fortune): Frontispiece (woodcut printed in black and red ink)
Author: Sigismondo Fanti. Venice: Agostino Zani for Giacomo Giunta, 1526 ]MET MUSEUM]

Eisler, Robert, The Frontspiece to Sigismondo Fanti's "Triompho di Fortuna" JWCI, Vol 10, London, 1947, pp. 155-159.

GLASGOW UNIVERSITY LIBRARY: SPECIAL COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT
Ship of Fools, London: 1509 [Sp Coll Bn6-d.9 ] an English adaptation of Sebastian Brant's Narrenschiff

Carmina Burana
An indice is given by the iconography of the Wheel of Fortune of the Carmina Burana. 

CARMINA BURANA LATIN TEXT
 
Image of Fortuna [Carmina Burana] 
1339
65. The Wheel of the Ten Ages of Man, with God "all-seeing" at the centre, from the Psalter of Robert de Lisle, before 1339. Illumination on parchment, British Library, London. 

The circle was a major way of representing cyclical time and was applied to the year as well as to the larger span of a human life. As we move away from clock-faces to digital timekeeping today, we tend to see time moving in terms of numbers. For medieval observers time was ordered spatially rather than numerically. The king, who stands here at what we used to call "twelve o'clock," would have suggested the high-point of the day, because of the position of the sun in the sky. 
Camille, Michael, Gothic Art, Wiedenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1996, p.94. 


The 'Wheel of Fortune' at the Amiens Cathedral


Alan H. Nelson, Mechanical Wheels of Fortune, 1100 - 1547, JWCI, Vol. 43, 1980.